River Shannon / Lough Derg
Clare Walking Tours........... The Flora of East Clare

 

Open Moorland and High Boglands

Ling,  Bell and Crossleaved Heather, give the hills  that awesome purple glow which lasts until November.

Bell Heather

 

Flowers found growing among the heather

Milkwort, Heath Speedwell, Heath Bedstraw, Devil’s Bit Scabious,Tormentil, Lousewort, Cotton-Grass, Various Spotted Orchids, Bog Asphodel, Butterfly Orchid, Eyebright, Sundew,
Green and Gold Royal Fern.

 

Milkwort

 

General East Clare Area

Conifer Tree Plantations, Willow, Birch, Rowan, Ash, Yellow Flowered Furze (Gorse).

Well preserved ancient stumps of Pine and Oak trees have been found in many of the cutaway bogs in the area and to emphasize their age it’s recorded that it’s 1500 years since the last of the native species of Pine trees were cut down.

Rowan

 

Lowland Heath and Bog Areas

Rushes, Grasses, Sedges, Lady's Smock (Cuckoo Flower), Spearwort, Buttercup, Ragged Robin, Yellow Flag, Marsh Marigold (Kingcup), Stitchwort, Bugle, Meadowsweet, Birdsfoot Trefoil, Spotted and Marsh Orchids and Purple Loosestrife.

Cuckoo Flower

 

Grassland and Meadows

Early Purple and Spotted Orchids, Vetches, Cranesbills, Storksbills, Bugle, Lousewort, Medick, Speedwells, Buttercup, Spearwort, Ragged Robin, Clover, Hawkweeds, Ox-Eye Daisy, Yellow Rattle, Ragwort, Yarrow and Self Heal.

Ox-Eye Daisy

 

Broadleaved Woodlands

Bluebells, Primroses, Violets, Lesser Celandine, Herb Robert, Cowslip, Wild Strawberry, Wood Sorrel, Wood Anemone, Ramsons, Honeysuckle, Sanicle, Herb Bennett, Willow Herb, Pennywort, Woundwort, Figwort, Ground Ivy and Foxglove.

Honeysuckle

 

Hedgerows

Whitethorn, Blackthorn, Elder, Dog Rose, Guelder Rose, Rowan, Ash and Fuchsia.

Dog Rose

 

Roadside Flowers

Purple Loosestrife, Meadowsweet, Yarrow, Russian Comfrey, Angelica, Bindweed, Vetches, Cleavers, Willow Herb, Meadow Vetchling, Herb Robert, Creeping Jenny, Tutsan, Cinquefoil, Knapweed, Montbretia, Pink Indian Balsam, Foxglove, Rhododendron Ponticum and Japanese Knotweed.

Creeping Jenny

 

Common Ferns to be found are:

Bracken, Royal Fern, Male Fern, Rustyback Fern, Maidenhair Spleenwort, Hart's tongue Fern and Polypody.

Sphagnum Mosses are the basis of the boglands and Lichen is seen on rocks and trees, while Scarlet bunches of “Matchstick” Lichen (Cladonia) are found amongst the heather.

We also have our fair share of Fungi in Autumn, several of which are poisonous and should be treated with extreme caution.

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Bracken

 

 

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